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What is a disability?

The answer is far from obvious. Is a person who requires a cane to walk down the block disabled? What about a child with ADHD? How about a senior experiencing memory loss?


If you have ever wondered as to what constitutes a disability, then this article is tailor-made for you as it aims to define as well as illustrate the complexities that create a disability. Before we begin, it is important that you remember that different people will define the term ‘disability’ differently and therefore the answer to the question ‘what is a disability’ may not be as straightforward as it may originally seem.

For the sake of simplicity, we shall go with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition which states that “Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.”

As per the above definition, you can see that a disability can be both physical as well as mental (with the mental disabilities including a wide range of mental disorders). While for some people a disability can be a lifelong issue which starts at birth, for others a disability may arise after a certain incident or time in one’s life. In either case though, you should know that a disability is a serious matter – which depending on the severity of the condition – may greatly hamper normal functioning.

Therefore, since you are reading this article, give yourself a pat on the back since you have taken the crucial first step towards helping yourself or a helping a loved one by trying to read up on the subject. Increasing your knowledge base will greatly assist in your becoming accustomed to your disability or the disability of someone you hold dear.

Although having a disability may make your life a little more tiresome as compared to those around you, it is imperative that you always remember that you are not in this alone. You would be happy to hear that many disabled people are eligible for various benefits which range from grants to disability tax credits. However, it is unfortunate that many disabled people shy away from these disability benefits since they find the procedure to attaining the benefits too tiresome and/or too time-consuming.

This though need not be a problem for you since the National Benefit Authority (NBA) is here to make your life a whole lot easier. We at the NBA are solely committed towards helping disabled people receive their due share of benefits from the government. Boasting a stellar reputation, we promise to offer you expert advice so that you are able to hurdle past the nitty-gritty details which tend to dissuade disabled persons from filing claims. What’s more is that we guarantees full confidentiality so that you receive the benefits you deserve without compromising on your confidence.

At the NBA we only concern ourselves with the disability classifications and definitions as defined by the Canada Revenue Agency. These classifications are both very specific and very vague. Our Benefit Specialists will consider all factors (symptoms, severity, medication) when assessing your particular case to ensure a high likelihood of a successful application.

The National Benefit Authority will help disabled people qualify for the Registered Disability Savings PlanDisability Tax Credit  and other Disability Tax Benefits for their disabilities.

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