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What Is the Cause of Goldenhar Syndrome?

April 24, 2013
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Have you read Disability Living’s blog post on Goldenhar syndrome? It explains a disfiguring birth defect that severely affects a person physically, emotionally and socially. This week Disability Living is blogging about disfiguring birth defects and their resulting symptoms. Do you follow the Disability Living blog?

Goldenhar syndrome

Is Goldenhar syndrome genetic?

Many birth defects have genetic causes. What about Goldenhar syndrome? Interestingly, Goldenhar syndrome does not always have a genetic cause. Sometimes Goldenhar syndrome results when an embryonic vessel bursts. The burst is usually restricted to a small area — this can result in a child being born with an asymmetrical face. Another result can be problems in other parts of the infant’s body. Additionally, blood clots can cause Goldenhar syndrome. It is also worth noting that many medical professionals believe that Goldenhar syndrome is caused by genetics.

Nature or nurture?

Is Goldenhar syndrome caused by purely physical factors that cannot be avoided, or is it the result of something a mother does during pregnancy? So far there is not much evidence that this birth defect is caused by anything a mother does or does not do during her pregnancy. However, some health care professionals believe specific medications may cause Goldenhar syndrome. (Ask your physician for more information about this.)

Does a person with this birth defect begin developing at a normal rate after birth?

When a child who is affected by Goldenhar syndrome is growing in his or her mother’s womb, one side of that child’s face will develop at a normal rate while the other side will slow down in development. When an infant who has this birth defect is born, his or her muscles, bones and organs continue to develop at a slower rate. This is because an underdeveloped process of growth was programmed while the child was in the womb.

What do you believe causes Goldenhar syndrome?

Does your loved one have Goldenhar syndrome? If yes, what do you believe is the possible cause of this particular birth defect? Leave a comment on this blog post to share your thoughts with us today.

To read more about Goldenhar syndrome and its causes, please visit the following links:

http://www.craniofacial.net/syndromes-goldenhar
http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/goldenhar-syndrome

Image made available by PetroleumJelliffe on Flickr through Creative Commons License.

*Please note: All research for this article is compiled from direct and third party sources. Mention of programs, organizations and companies does not imply support of The National Benefit Authority.  Pictures are for creative purposes only; they are not intended to sell or promote products for the NBA and belong to the accredited individual, organization or company.

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